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A Small “Pictorial Compendium” of Stein Terms. (Hc – Hz) AWPD


STILL     =


Hearts and Doves – A motif very much liked by the German’s in the Biedermeier period. Very popular with the American Amish also. Shown: 9  inch clear, with a greenish tint, blown glass stein from about 1830-60. Germany.  


Shown: The “Keysteiners” for their SCI Convention in 1996, selected this design for the Annual Convention Steins. I think it is perhaps the nicest  of all the Convention steins so far. [Photo comps of Martin Estep.]

See more of “Love”@  ►

Heckert, Fritz – A famous Bohemian glass decorating firm working about 1880- 1900.  Shown ▲: The firm is famous for making glass replicas of late 1500 and 1600 pieces, un-lidded steins and beakers; many showing the electors and famous families armorials. Shown: Gustaf, the King of Sweden. Faux date in the 1600’s. [FWTD]   See:


Heckert –  reproductions – of his late 1800’s glass works –  Easy to tell the difference if you look closely at the glass, the newer is smokey, they have no wear, and none are signed on the bottom in ink as his were. 

Heckmann, Adolf – Maker of lower end porcelain steins from Annaburg,  (1874-1923?)  Shown: 1 liter porcelain stein with a porcelain lid insert. This one is circa 1870’s. For more info on maker, see:


Hedgehog stein –  See “Hobnail stein.


j. Heochlinger – maker of  copper and brass souvenir steins as above in Munich .  .5 liter not dated but early 1800’s . [Stephen Smith Collection]

SOS - MUNICH ALL BRASS  heichlinger - 4

This same lid pressed relief with the “Schützenliesl”  or the “Target Girl”▲ was found on both the copper and brass versions.

SOS - MUNICH -ALL BRASS - heichlinger - 1

All copper version of the same stein. [FWTD}  see   for the history of firm.


Another lid scene in brass. (Comps of Stein marks)


Heidelberg Castle –  The famous medieval castle ruins that sit on a hill overlooking the City. It is seen on many a stein, lids and wall plaques by V&B and others . Shown: A “bronzed” lid from a hobnail / hedgehog stein.


Pottery stein, .5L, handpainted, marked U 26, Sarreguemines, by Maximilian v. Heider,

Heider (Max von Heider)  –  An Art Nouveau stein maker.  Shown ▲: Pottery stein, .5L, relief, marked Max von Heider, has an inlaid lid of a frog?  {tsaco}

Heinzelmänchen – Dwarfs or Zwergs (German), also gnomes (USA.) Shown: An enameled “little person” on a Theresienthal glass stein, decorated by ‘van Hauten’. Circa 1890.[Stephen Smith Collection]

Also see page on Friedr. van Hauten’s,




True, the name can seem a bit daunting to the untrained eye. But break it down, say it a few times out loud and it will become much easier. Honestly. Heinzelmännchen, or Heinzelmaennchen in new German, is pronounced pretty much like “Hine-tzel-men-shen.”

According to tales, theorists, bedtime stories from wise Omas (grandmothers) and more, the Heinzelmännchen originated in Germany and Austria hundreds of years ago. There are often references to their originating from an area deep in a forest in Central Europe that the Romans had been unable to conquer – no matter how hard they tried.

Some believe the Heinzelmännchen are still around. They are the secret people, a highly talented and industrious lot who came out of their hiding places at night to do the work, or chores, of deserving humans. Frequently seen as helpful, they may also appear as mischievous or even mean. Their stature in lore has ranged from that of insect size to the height of a man. Their homes are thought to have been deep in the forests under the roots of trees and underground.








Heidrich Porcelain (Bavaria) – Shown: Two hand painted beer mugs of a series devoted to monks drinking.


Helmet lid [1] – Self explanatory. Shown ▲ .5 liter porcelain reservist stein,  8.2 ht., Inft. Regt. Nr. 86 (Flensburg), Imperial Eagle thumblift. [tsaco]

Helmet lid [2a] – 5L, transfer, Neuschwanstein, Ludwig II is pictured in the roundel, pewter lid with helmet finial, This type of lid was nic-named “The Caterpillar.”  Shown: .5 liter pottery with PUG scene of Ludwig II (Died 1886) and his most famous castle Neuschwanstein.” So this stein made after 1886. 

The “caterpillar helmet” was already known in antiquity, but fell out of use, only to become fashionable again as the Tarleton helmet worn by the British Legion Cavalry of the American Revolutionary War. In 1800 the so-called Raupenhelm became the standard infantry helmet of the Austro-Hungarian army. Soldiers of the bishopric of Würzburg received the Austrian caterpillar helmet in 1801. In 1805, the Raupenhelm replaced the more practical Rumford helmet of the Bavarian Arm, but it was diccontinued shortly before the , FRANCO -PRUSSIABN WAR.


Helmet lid [2b] – A .5  liter stoneware stein with the caterpillar on the lid and the “Wittelsbach’s” Coat of Arms.





Helmet lid [3]  –  This type is called a ‘”Tschako”  (pronounced without the T, )  (TSACO)


Helmet lid [4] – On another reservist stein this time a Bavarian Infantry = 1. Comp. Bayr. Inft. Regt. Nr. 9, Würzburg. 1905 – 1907.



sos - A RDY - HELMET LID  ARTILLERY  lid   imperial

A very nice looking  Imperial Guard Artillery unit (Guard star on front) .800 silver lid and helmet    on a rather plain blown glass stein

Henkelkrug, (Jagd,  Zinn)  –– ▲.  German words for “Pitcher, hunting, pewter” – 20 cm.  Shown a brand -new one in mild relief

Hentschel, Karl – Maker of Art Deco steinsSee:

Hermann – An old German real life hero. Shown ▲: A detail of the 3 liter pottery relief serving stein shown above. Hermann and his wife Tusnelda eloping on horse back. His father-in-law became his enemy and ratted him out to the Romans!

See the page on Herman:

“Hermann’s Order”  – Shown: A 1/4 liter pottery relief mug ordered by members of the club / verein showing Hermann on a horse leading a charge.

Hero steins – See: “American Hero” steins.

Herring bone pattern – A pattern of multiple diagonals or chevron cuts or molds; found primarily on blown and cut clear glass steins from Silesia in the 1830 – 60’s.  [FWTD]


Also seen on old (1600’s) North German pewter steins as on the Roerken below ▼. [FWTD]

Hesse – Hessian steinsA region in Germany with fairly close proximity to the Westerwald region (North East of it) and its wares are commonly confused as being Westerwald products. It had several stoneware production villages (Dreihausen being the most famous) but the production in Hesse was relatively small. The early steins from Hessen region are relatively scarce. This particular form of “Enghalskrug” appears to have been made in Hessen alone. It is decorated with a stylized horse, a signature decor of Hessian steins. Shown ▲: Mid 1700’s. (eBay’s Beer-Stein)

Hexagonal steins and  beakers- A six sided drinking vessel. They are pretty, but slightly difficult to drink out of.  Shown ▲: A Russian silver-gilt hexagonal beaker, from Moscow, 1691-92.



While not common these can be found. they are not the easiest stein to drink out of .AbovePUG coat of arms on .5 liter blown glass . Lis enscribed  to a magic club. Unkown maker.  Ca. Early 1900’s.

These are highly sought after, as not many were made. It is no small feat to drink out of them. Shown above ▲. A German made Ca. 1600’s. Hallmarked from Rostock.  [Stephen Smith Collection]



Hindenburg, Paul – General, Chief of staff, of Germany’s Armed Forces in WWI (1914-18). Shown ▲: .5 liter stoneware, PUG, with a stamped tin lid.  [tsaco]

Hinge –  The device, usually of pewter, that enables the lid to swivel open on a stein. What most collectors do not know is that the “hinge pin” is not a “pin” at all, but a sophisticated design of a locking mechanism with essentially a “T” being molded off the second and fourth ring of the hinge, securing itself through the first, middle and fifth rings. That is why if the middle ring  (of three or five) breaks /cracks open = this is fairly common. it is impossible to get it off the hinge without damaging the whole thing. Best to just leave it alone.

Shown above ▲: A seven part hinge on a Circa late 1700’s all pewter beer stein. This doesn’t make the stein worth any more,  just interesting  and very seldom seen.

Historismus – A “time period” term used to define those steins and vessels designed (and produced) based largely on the old European styles, primarily the Renaissance.  Some are actual reproductions, while some like the “Niche Steins” were fantasy based. Shown: A Historismus clear blown glass beaker with applied noppens (prunts.) Circa 1880-90. Also called ‘Alt Deutsch’ or ‘Makartstil’. Basic forms taken from many crafting styles, but and usually present with Relief ornamental art, often engraved with representations of figures.

Hitler steins (etc.)  – I believe steins with Hitler’s face on them are all 100% new (read that: fake!) and made within the last 35 years, mostly for the German and American Nazis Fans. These are  not reproductions as there never were any real ones! Anyone who buys one of these, especially with the story that some American GI originally found it in an German attic before or after the war was over, and believes that, well “join the club” as  there are lots of you out there!

Years ago, when I was writing articles for the magazine “The Classic Collector,” that mag company was owned by the USA’s largest gun exporter and importer of all sorts of military crap from around the world. In their warehouse in Alexandria, they had about 1000 [+]  reproduction Nazi steins – all brightly “Swastika-ed” (new word?) – for export to gun shops all around the USA. I see them all the time in the USA auctions now.

Shown above: The most recent addition to a big crop of  Nazi brand new pieces. To make matters worse it was  recently sold by a stein auction house as being authentic!

See “Fakes ”  page for more info:

The pewter lid to the stein above is almost so bright one could shave off it!  

Most stein body views / main scenes are now taken from old photos and reproduced by a new photo process, the  same as the new Pre WWI “Regimental steins.”   See:

Here is a copy of the photo used for the stein above. Goebbels (Propaganda Chief) made Adolf  Hitler look 15 years younger!

See “Fakes ”  page for more info:


Hobnail steins – A “mouth blown into a mold” glass stein with a surface of all raised small diamond shapes to resemble “hobnails” (nails originally placed on the soles of shoes  to help prevent wear.) Many hobnails steins were sold (and named) to college students from societies around the 1865-1900 period. These are called “Hedgehog” steins by the Germans.

“Hock” wine glasses – Now: Cut and colored wines with a round bowl on a thin cut stem. Originally they were all clear glass. The term is a corruption of the German word Hochheimer, derived from the name of the German town of “Hochheim” on the Main river in the Rheingau wine region. Hochheimer means “of Hochheim”. The term seems to have been in use in the 17th century, initially for wines from middle Rhine, but in the 18th century became used as a term for any German wine sold in Britain.


Hofbrau “Mass “with a Fairly scarce stein  scene, and what no mug carrying jugs?  The gals there  use trays and still do today! damn it !

Hofbrauhaus (Munich)  –   see and hear the basic history of this great establishment.

Hoecht 1746-1760 – City or town of major fayence stein production. For more info, see:

Hohenzollern – The family name of the Kaiser’s of Germany (East Prussia really.) Shown ▲: A hand painted 1/2 liter V & B Mettlach presentation stein from Rupert (one of the Crown Princes) to a fellow school mate. The arms are the Hohenzollern’s family arms.    [Stephen Smith Collection]

The shield was later adopted into the Prussian arms and then into the Imperial German Arms. See “Eagles” in this site’s Compendium.

Höhr – Grenzhausen – Modern name of the two towns that joined together in 1971. Höhr was well know in the 1700-1800’s  for making what are called “Westerwald” pieces, especially steins and beer “mugs”  / “mass”  (such as the one shown ▲).  It is still a center for the ceramic industry in the Kannenbäckerland with a professional college for ceramics, another for ceramic form, and many others, hence the nickname Kannenbäckerstadt (roughly,“Jug Baking Town”) still applies.

Hohlwein, Ludwig, – A famous German designer of Jugendstill products. Shown ▲: A .5 liter Stoneware stein made by R. Merkelbach, # 2176, design by Ludwig Hohlwein, hammered style pewter lid. Circa 1910. Like Picasso, not all of his “stuff was so great; see below ▼:

This design by old Ludwig leaves me cold!! It looks like something my daughter would have done in elementary school !

Hole in the handle  One sees the statement  below ▼ on eBay and other web sales sites (or one like it) posted by uneducated, (in the methods of  beer stein production) sellers all the time. An actual quote from an eBay ad in 2013: “I do believe it originally had a lid — there is a small perfect circle in the top of the handle where I believe the lid was once attached.” Not necessarily true ! The stein makers had no idea which mugs would be turned into steins later,  so an “anchor hole” was punched in most  all ceramic stein handles in advance of lidding.    Glass steins would have  had vertical ridges cut out of the glass handle for such an anchoring.and some have been noted with a small dimple in the top of the  glass handle  for its anchor hole.

Holloware – A general term for metal articles in the form of hollow vessels, such as mugs, steins, flagons, ewers, teapots, coffee pots, bowls and pitchers.

Holzhuter, Th. steins  – Stoneware stein maker in Berlin. Shown: .5L, relief  blue & purple saltglazed with an inlaid lid. [tsaco]      See:

“Hopfen & Malz / Gott erhalt’s” = Hops and Malt – God preserve them! Seen on massive amounts of German beer steins and mugs, etc.   

Hop’s Lady – A very popular character stein. – In steveonsteins, I  usually don’t single out specific character steins. but any new collector  should  know what this stuff on her head  is all about.

 Men’s Club “in Weimar.      Notice the “Hops Lady” character stein on the front table to the far left




A much less expensive version of The Hops Lady  done in pottery.


Horn Steins – Self explanatory. Shown: [L] One made in Asia. Brass mounts. Circa 1900. [R[ A very well done heated and carved horn from the grape growing region of Germany. Given the lightly engraved brass mounts on the bottom, the flat brass base, and the way the lid is constructed. I believe this to have been made in  late 1700’s.  [BOTH ABOVE – Stephen Smith Collection]

Horn (handle) Shown: A circa 1900’s English copper tankard, about a pint I would think. The horn handle may be real, bit it looks too evenly colored and structured for me. It may be made of celluloid.

See tab: Drinking horns; “GREIFEN KLAUE” [1] this web site for larger horn vessels.


Horned helmet steins – The pewter-smith maker of this fancy lid still remains a mystery. (Most likely candidate is J. Lichtinger, Munich.)  It can be found on many a stein and makes them quite attractive and collectable. Many of these bodies (as shown above) were decorated by “van Hauten.”



Hosssauer, Georg – “The (only) appointed” silver-smith for the Prussian Royal Court in Berlin in the 1850-60’s.  Succeeded by the silver firm of  Sy and Wagner. Shown: An extremely well done 14 inches tall, .800 silver  “Pokal,”  presented to the winner of Andklam’s (City) horse race in 1854. [Stephen Smith Collection]

Housemark  – On pewter, a non-heraldic device stamped or engraved to signify ownership.

Humpen- A very, very large beaker, can shaped, with a flat bottom and no stem, most often found without its original lid. Shown left: Extra, extra large Humpen by Eggerman. About 20 inches tall. This thing would be very hard to drink out of full!  [Stephen Smith Collection]


Shown: Smaller  lidded, ‘Heckert’ style enameled Humpen with Coat of Arms to a painter’s family (three small shields on a larger one).


Hundflasche – A flask, or server made to look like (mostly like) a hound. These were made in blown clear glass far back into the 1600. Shown ▲: An Eggerman designed Hundflasche. Ca. 1890.  9″ tall x 10″ long x 3″ wide.

The older version of the two jugs pictured here ▲. Ca. about 1880 – 1910, I believe.

Hungarian folk art,  pottery character wine / beer servers. – This male’s form has been popular for years and there are a  lot out there, but  mostly the newer ones as shown on the bottom photo. Both about 10.75 inches tall.





Hunt cup , Hunting Cup – See Stirrup Cup.



Hunter’s funeral stein – One of the most collectable beer stein scenes; that of a dead hunter being carried in his coffin by various animals while others march alongside. Seen in engraved  glass (clear and red) and lots of times on ‘mud’ steins (Modells.) Shown: A very nice 1/ 2 liter (probably Silesian), engraved blown glass stein with that scene. This stein is Circa 1840 (at max 1850!) which date conflicts with the dates given below unless the design was published a decade or so later, which well might have been the case.!

Martyn Brown a collegue of mine in England had this to ad: In an article in “Prosit” (vol. 2 -no. 7) Lisalotte Lopez says that the banner on the Westerwald “Modell” stein reads as “Ish Is Wohl-Uns Is besser” translated as “It is good for him,better for us”. She dated it to the 3rd Quarter of the C19th. She also says that the design and designation of the hunters funeral date to the 1850’s.

The firm of Wentzel in Wissembourg Alsace first printed it in around 1859-58 in both German and French:”Des Jaegers Leichenzug/Le convoi funebre du chasseur.” The design is listed in around 1860 by Maxein & co of Hohr in their catalog as No13.

For more info please see “Stein of the month, July 2011” @ the SCI’s web site .

Hunter’s stein (with a deer) – When a deer is shown with a hunter or other animals it is considered to be a “sport’s stein” and not a symbol of  “friendship” or great affection. Shown ▲: Faience stein, 1.0L, 8.6″ ht., Austrian, late 1800s, pewter lid. Definitely a Hunter’s stein.

ALSO SEE: Fellowship symbols on ruby cut-to-clear glass drinking vessels:

Hupp, Otto  – Artist and heraldist, well known in Germany and did work for V & B Mettlach. See:

[END – SPNOT  – 77- R5]












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